Beyond Words Speech and Language Therapy, LLC
Speech and Language
speech / language / communication
Speech refers to the way we physically produce a message, including:
- the way specific speech sounds are produced
- the patterns and organization of speech sounds in a language
- the rhythm of the message
- the pitch, volume, and quality of a message
Language refers to the socially shared rules we follow when we communicate, including:
- how we express our thoughts and feelings
Learning and using vocabulary
Learning and using grammatical structures
Learning the social rules of communication
Learning how to ask questions
- how we understand the messages of others
Understanding specific words, phrases, and sentences
Understanding concepts (e.g., prepositions, sizes, colors)
Following single and multiple step directions
Communication refers to using language to communicate with others, including:
Conversational turn taking
Asking and Answering Questions
Using and understanding facial expressions
Using and understanding gestures
Using and understanding humor
Using and understanding sarcasm
Using and understanding figurative language
when to be concerned
Consider having your child's speech and language evaluated if:
Your child's pediatrician recommends an evaluation
Your child is not meeting developmental milestones
Your child loses ANY developmental skills at ANY age.
Signs of a Speech and Language Disorder
what you can do to help
Talk. Talk. Talk. Talk to your children all of the time. Talk about what you are doing. Talk about what they are doing. Talk about what you see. Talk about what you hear.
Read to your children daily.
Respond to your children when they communicate with you.
Limit screen time (TV, iPad, phones). Face-to-face communication is important for development.
Say words correctly when you talk - avoid baby talk.
Don't always correct your child's speech. Make sure they feel that their intent and message is the most important part of communication.
Don't interrupt your child. Give your child time to talk.
See a speech language pathologist if you are concerned.
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